If you want to understand the institutional nature of doping, you need to look no further than USA Cycling.
In 1984 Olympics the American cycling team was found to be participating in blood doping similar to what Landis is accusing 26 years later.
The first question you might ask is didn't we learn our lesson ? Perhaps the better observation is maybe we learned the wrong lesson.
The key folks who fought against the blood boosting in 1984 included David Prouty, Dr. Thom Dickenson, and Rob Lea. The end result of the controversy was that all three ended their tenure with the highest levels of the sport.
Conversely, many of the names implicated as being participants in the scandal went on to become leaders within the sport and the federation.
Pat McDonough went on to be, of all things, the USA Cycling Athletics Director.
Eddie B left the federation and started Lance Armstrong's first professional team Subaru Montgomery, which later became the US Postal Team.
Dr. Ed Burke went on to be a doctor with the USCF and an influence on Lance's coach Chris Charmichael
Danny Van Haute is the director of the Jelly Belly Pro Cycling Team
Mike Fraysee received an award from the UCI for his service, served as the VP of Pan Am cycling, and served as Joe Papp's director and patron.
Dr. Falsetti - who was brought in to do the transfusions served as a medical adviser to the US Postal Cycling Team and continue working with elite athletes.